Dietrich Buxtehude (ca. 1637 – 1707)

Dietrich Buxtehude (ca. 1637 – 1707) was a German – Danish organist and composer. He is particularly well known for his organ pieces. He strongly influenced Johan Sebastian Bach and other Baroque composers. While he was yet active in music composition, he organized evening performances, called Abendmusik, or “evening music,” which were held at the church that he served at Marienkirche, Lubeck, Germany.  They were free to the public. These were also attended by many composers, including George Phillip Telemann, George Friedrich Handel and Johan Sebastian Bach.
He wrote a significant volume of organ works based upon chorale tunes, choral music, including oratorios, chamber music, choral chorale settings, and chorale fantasies. Much of his music is fugal, that is, much as around, certain melodic material set on the same or different notes that come in at different times before they diverge into new material; consistent with the practice of the time, it also provided places for the organist to improvise based upon material already written, much as a jazz artist might improvise during the 20th century or two day. There typically are two or three fugues within a given piece. Much of his rich in music has been lost, and in some cases, survives only by the transcriptions of others.
Organ works:
Toccata in F Major

Praeludium und Fuge (A moll) BuxWV 153

“Passacaglia” BuxWV 161

Praeludium in g

Praeludium und Fuge (A moll) BuxWV 153

Orchestration of his organ work, Chacona en Mi menor

Choral works:
Jesu meines Lebens Leben

Laudate pueri, Dominum

Das neugeborene Kindelein

Der Herr ist mit mir


Instrumental works:
Sonata opus 2 for viol and harpsichord

Passacaglia (Bux WV 161)

Triosonata Opus 1 no. 3 violin & viola da gamba


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