Zoltán Kodály (1882 – 1967) was a Hungarian composer who, also, was fascinated with the folk music of his country. Early in the 20th century he traveled throughout Hungary, visiting villages, and recording their folk music on recording equipment then available: the phonograph cylinder, precursor to the phonograph flat “record.” He was a contemporary of Béla Bartok, and they collaborated in their studies of their native folksong, and the compositions of each reflect that.
Kodaly was influential in the development of music education in his country. His method became known as the ” Kodály Method,” which was highly esteemed and adopted in music education of a number of different countries, including the United States.
He wrote a couple of operas and a significant number of orchestral pieces. His best known religious music was Psalmus Hungaricus.
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