Jeptha: Oh, The Risk When We “Bargain” With God

“And Jeptha made a vow to the LORD: ‘If you give the Amonites into my hands, whatever comes out of the door of my house to meet me when I return in triumph from the Amonites will be the LORD’s, and I will sacrifice it as a burnt offering.”  Joshua 11:30.  He is greeted by his daughter!

The Meeting of Jeptha and his Daughter BENVENUTO (1400’s)

See http://www.wga.hu/f bargain with God rames-e.html?/html/b/benvenut/meeting.html for the source of the above photograph of the painting.

In  considering the religious significance of this passage, is there any connection of this story with that of Abraham’s sacrifice of Isaac described in Genesis 22:1-14?  Eric Fromm might suggest that there is.

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https://bibleartists.wordpress.com/2013/07/14/ii-church-architecture-and-its-incorporation-of-art/

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Baalam and His Donkey

Numbers 22:22-35 tells us of a time when a donkey was able to perceive the presence of a divine messenger, when its rider could not.  After its rider severely beats the donkey for stopping before the divine obstruction, refusing to go on,  the donkey talks back to its rider.

Balaam’s Ass REMBRANDT

See http://www.artbible.info/art/large/199.html for the source of the above photograph of the painting.

 

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https://bibleartists.wordpress.com/2013/07/14/ii-church-architecture-and-its-incorporation-of-art/

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Esther

Esther is a lovely book.   It tells of the faithfulness of Mordecai and of the bravery of Esther.  I also like it for the humor of the setting.  It begins with King Ahasuerus throwing a big banquet over several days to impress rich and powerful men with his power and riches.  His wife, Queen Vashti, gives a banquet at the same time for the important women of the kingdom.  On the last day of the banquets, the King calls the Queen to show off her beauty to the men at his banquet.  She refuses.  Esther 1:10-12.  The king consults the wise men of his kingdom concerning what he should do about her insubordination.  Together they conclude that her refusal is a threat not only to the king’s authority but the authority of every married man in the kingdom.  Esther 1:16-18.  So, to maintain appropriate fear among the women in order for men to maintain control of their families, the king acts upon the advice of his wise men and banishes Queen Vashti.  He regrets that soon afterward.  But the men, perhaps with vicarious envy, suggest that he have a beauty contest in the kingdom, and that he marry the winner.  That sounds to the king like a great idea.  Esther 2:1-4.  Ultimately Esther wins the beauty contest and becomes queen.

Ahasuerus Sends Vasthi Away CHAGALL (1960)

See http://www.greatatlantic.co.uk/chagall/7.html for the source of the above photograph of the lithograph.

Esther and Mordecai GELDER (1685)

See http://www.lib-art.com/artgallery/5005-esther-and-mordecai-aert-de-gelder.html for the source of the above photograph of the painting.

Esther BENOUVILLE (1844)

See http://www.terminartors.com/artworkprofile/Benouville_Francois-Leon-Esther for the source of the above photograph of the painting.

Esther is Introduced to Ahasuerus Rembrandt (c. 1665)

See http://www.artbible.info/art/large/91.html for the source of the above photograph of the pen and brush drawing.  See, also, Esther 2:15-17.

Haman Prepares to Honour Mordecai REMBRANDT (ca. 1665)

See http://www.artbible.info/art/large/93.html for the source of the above photograph of the painting and a brief description.  See, also, Esther, Chapter 6.

 Mordecai is led through the city by Haman AZOR masters (ca. 1430)

See http://www.artbible.info/art/large/334.html for the source of the above photograph of the illumination. Esther 6:11.

Esther learns from Mordecai that Haman, an officer of the king, plans to kill all the Jews. Having seen what happened to Vashti when she displeased the king, it would make sense that she was frightened to appear before the king, without his request, to reveal the plan to kill her people.  In fact, to this time, the king doesn’t know that she is a Jew.  She devises a plan to invite both the king and Haman to a banquet where she will reveal the threat to herself and her people.  Esther 7.

Esther and Ahasuerus GHERARDI (1643–1704)

See http://www.lib-art.com/artgallery/27788-esther-and-ahasuerus-gherardi-filippo.html for the above photograph of the painting.

 Esther before Ahasuerus TINTORETTO (1547-48)

See http://www.lib-art.com/artgallery/17354-esther-before-ahasuerus-tintoretto.html for the source of the photograph of the painting.

Feast of Esther FRANCKEN, Frans II

See http://www.lib-art.com/artgallery/10267-feast-of-esther-frans-ii-francken.html for the source of the above photograph of the painting.

Punishment of Haman (detail) MICHELANGELO (1511)

See http://mystudios.com/artgallery/M/Michelangelo-Buonarroti/Punishment-of-Haman-(detail-1)-1511.html for the source of the above photograph of the detail of the fresco.

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Introduction https://bibleartists.wordpress.com/2013/07/14/introduction/

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Ruth

Ruth gets an entire book devoted to her. 

Naomi Entreating Ruth and Opra to Return to the Land of Moab BLAKE

See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:1795-William-Blake-Naomi-entreating-Ruth-Orpah.jpg for the source of the above photograph of the painting.

Ruth and Boaz FABRITIUS (1660)

See http://www.lib-art.com/artgallery/26967-ruth-and-boaz-fabritius-barent.html for the source of the above photograph of the painting.

Ruth and Boaz POUSSIN (1660-1664)

See http://www.abcgallery.com/P/poussin/poussin106.html for the source of the above photograph of the painting.

Boaz Casting Barley into Ruth’s Veil REMBRANDT (1645)

See http://www.rembrandtonline.org/Boaz-Casting-Barley-into-Ruth’s-Veil-c.-1645-large.html for the source of the above photograph of the line drawing.

It might be interesting to some that Ruth was not a Jew, but rather a Moabite (a modern Palestinian?) through whom Matthew traces Jesus’ lineage. It is also interesting to me that Matthew also links Jesus’ lineage through Joseph, although the notion of immaculate conception would deny that lineage through Joseph but would circumvent Joseph by an act of God. As I view it, it is an example of the inclusion of all in “God’s family,” who will be known, not by acclamation of “Father, Father,” but by their works.

Links to my site:

Introduction https://bibleartists.wordpress.com/2013/07/14/introduction/

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