Ralph Vaughan Williams (1872 – 1958)

Ralph Vaughan Williams (1872 –1958) was an English composer not only of symphonies, chamber music, opera and choral music, but also of film scores. During this era, many composers were collecting folksongs of their native regions.  Vaughan Williams did likewise.  It strongly influenced his arrangements and settings of hymn tunes and other larger composition. The conductor, Stokowski, introduced Vaughan Williams to the American audiences, performing each of his six symphonies. He was a fellow student of Gustav Holst, who was perhaps best known for his orchestral suite, The Planets.
Perhaps he is best known in the Protestant churches for his composition of “For All the Saints:”
a cappella performance:

with organ accompaniment:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0qoSQI-JGI4 he will tell
with orchestra and organ accompaniment:

Here’s a fascinating interpretation and transformation of the melody and choral parts:

His Mass in G Minor:

Part 1 of 2

 

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Leos Janecek (1854 – 1928)

 

Leos Janecek (1854 – 1928) was a Czechoslovakian composer and music theorist who was inspired by his native Slavic and Moravian folk music. He was also influenced by the music of Antonin Dvorak who, himself, was influenced by folk music not only of his homeland, but of other places that he lived, including America. Janecek used local folk melodies to develop his own original musical style.
Although best known for his orchestral and piano compositions, he also wrote choral music. He is best known in liturgical music for his Glagolitic Mass, or, Slavonic Mass for soloists, double choir, organ and orchestra, completed in 1926. It is based upon an Old Church Slavonic text, which differs from the Roman Catholic mass by omitting the “Dona nobis pacem.”

Janáček was a strong supporter of pan-Slavism, and this mass has been viewed as a celebration of Slavic culture.

Glagolitic Mass [1/8]

Glagolitic Mass [2/8]

Glagolitic Mass [3/8]

Glagolitic Mass [4/8]

Glagolitic Mass [5/8]

Glagolitic Mass [6/8]

Glagolitic Mass [7/8]

Glagolitic Mass [8/8]

For a beautiful example of a contemporary of Janacek, see Beati quorum via integra est [How blessed are faithful souls which undefiled are] (Psalm 119:1) – Charles Villiers Stanford at http://bibleasmusic.com/beati-quorum-via-integra-est-how-blessed-are-faithful-souls-which-undefiled-are-psalm-119-1-charles-villiers-stanford/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+TheBibleAsMusic+%28The+Bible+as+Music%29&utm_content=Yahoo%21+Mail

 

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Giacomo Antonio Domenico Michele Secondo Maria Puccini (1858 – 1924)

Giacomo Antonio Domenico Michele Secondo Maria Puccini (1858 – 1924) is the greatest opera composer in the Italian style to follow Verdi, developing his own Realistic style. He is perhaps best known for Madame Butterfly, La Bohème and Tosca. As with his predecessor, Verdi, Puccini’s sacred music benefits greatly from his opera experience. However, his sacred works don’t begin to challenge the special place in liturgical music possessed by Verdi’s Requiem.

Messa di Gloria
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WQIMkQ4XFQE

GLORIA from Puccini’s Messa di Gloria

REQUIEM

 

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Pavel Grigorievich Chesnokov (1877 – 1944)

Pavel Grigorievich Chesnokov (1877 – 1944) was a Russian composer devoted to choral works, mostly sacred works for the Russian Orthodox Church. He is most known in sacred choral literature as the composer of “Salvation Is Created and of “Old Lord God.”  Salvation Is Created” is particularly interesting to me because it can be used effectively to celebrate Christmas, a time when Christians celebrate  Jesus’ birth “to bring salvation;” and it also can be appropriate for Easter, a time in which Christians celebrate Jesus’ “death and resurrection.”

“Salvation is Created

“O Lord God”

 

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Gabriel Urbain Fauré (1845 –1924)

Gabriel Urbain Fauré (1845 –1924) was a French composer, organist and teacher. He had great impact on French music and 20th-century composers. At age 9, he attended a music Institute in Paris, where he was trained to become an organist and choirmaster. He earned his living by teaching and playing organ and often had little time to compose. As a result, much of his music was composed later in his life, when he had earned some security to permit it.

Fauré is considered to bridge the Romantic era with the 20th century style, then known as Modernism.

Requiem, op.48

Requiem – Libera me, In Paradisum
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FSKhlAUYDcE

 

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